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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Dual effects of ATP on phosphatidylinositol breakdown in rat hepatocyte membranes.

The mechanisms whereby adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP) regulates the inositol phospholipid-signalling system were studied in rat hepatocytes. Intact hepatocytes respond to extracellular ATP, adenosine-5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) (ATP gamma S), ADP and weakly to guanosine-5'-triphosphate (GTP), but not to other purine nucleotides (GDP or AMP). This is consistent with the idea that a P2 purinergic receptor is coupled to the phosphatidylinositol metabolism in these cells. Partially purified plasma membranes prepared from myo-[3H]inositol prelabelled hepatocytes exhibit a phosphatidylinositol-4,5-bisphosphate phospholipase C activity sensitive to ATP, ATP gamma S and guanosine-5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) (GTP gamma S). Moreover the GTP gamma S effect is greatly enhanced by ATP and ATP gamma S. These potentiating effects differ according to the adenylnucleotide considered. ATP produces (1) an increase in the GTP gamma S-PLC sensitivity, (2) a potentiation of the phospholipase C (PLC) response induced by maximal dose of GTP gamma S, and (3) an increase in the inositol lipids pools. At variance, ATP gamma S, a nonhydrolysable analogue of ATP, only increases the PLC-sensitivity towards GTP gamma S. These results may signify that ATP stimulates inositol phosphate accumulation via at least two distinct mechanisms (i) a direct activation of a P2 purinergic receptor coupled to a PLC via a GTP binding protein and (ii) a stimulation of the phosphatidylinositol (PI) and phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate (PIP) kinases which increased the pool of phospholipase C substrates.[1]


  1. Dual effects of ATP on phosphatidylinositol breakdown in rat hepatocyte membranes. Ibarrondo, J., Marino, A., Guillon, G., Trueba, M., Macarulla, J.M. Cell. Signal. (1991) [Pubmed]
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