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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Blood vessel density correlates with the effects of targeted intra-arterial carboplatin infusion with concurrent radiotherapy for squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity and oropharynx.

Our aim was first to evaluate the association between blood vessel density (BVD) and free platinum concentration in experimentally induced tumours in rabbits. We also investigated the association between tumour BVD and the clinical response of patients who had undergone targeted carboplatin intra-arterial (i.a.) chemoradiotherapy. VX2 carcinoma cells were transplanted into 46 inbred female Japanese white rabbits. In the i.a. group, carboplatin was infused into the lingual artery, and in the intravenous (i.v.) group, carboplatin was infused through the auricular vein. In the clinical study, we evaluated 19 patients with squamous cell carcinomas of the oral cavity and oropharynx, who had undergone targeted carboplatin i.a. chemoradiotherapy and had been administered i.a. tegafur/uracil chemotherapy before surgery. We quantified angiogenesis in both studies. Increased BVD was associated with a higher free platinum concentration in the tumour region in the i.a. group of rabbits. In the clinical study, using multivariate logistic regression analysis, only the BVD was related independently to the treatment effect. Therefore, BVD is a valid predictor of the effects of i.a. targeted carboplatin chemotherapy and concurrent radiotherapy for treating human oral and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas.[1]


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