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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Impaired elimination of DNA double-strand break-containing lymphocytes in ataxia telangiectasia and Nijmegen breakage syndrome.

The repair of DNA double-strand breaks is critical for genome integrity and tumor suppression. Here we show that following treatment with the DNA-intercalating agent actinomycin D (ActD), normal quiescent T cells accumulate double-strand breaks and die, whereas T cells from ataxia telangiectasia (AT) and Nijmegen breakage syndrome (NBS) patients are resistant to this death pathway despite a comparable amount of DNA damage. We demonstrate that the ActD-induced death pathway in quiescent T lymphocytes follows DNA damage and H2AX phosphorylation, is ATM- and NBS1-dependent and due to p53-mediated cellular apoptosis. In response to genotoxic 2-Gy gamma-irradiation, on the other hand, quiescent T cells from normal donors survive following complete resolution of the damage thus induced. T cells from AT and NBS patients also survive, but retain foci of phosphorylated H2AX due to a subtle double-strand break (DSB) repair defect. A common consequence of these two genetic defects in the DSB response is the apparent tolerance of cells containing DNA breaks. We suggest that this tolerance makes a major contribution to the oncogenic risk of patients with chromosome instability syndromes.[1]

References

  1. Impaired elimination of DNA double-strand break-containing lymphocytes in ataxia telangiectasia and Nijmegen breakage syndrome. Porcedda, P., Turinetto, V., Lantelme, E., Fontanella, E., Chrzanowska, K., Ragona, R., De Marchi, M., Delia, D., Giachino, C. DNA Repair (Amst.) (2006) [Pubmed]
 
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