The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interleukin-10 inhibits HIV-1 LTR-directed gene expression in human macrophages through the induction of cyclin T1 proteolysis.

Regulation of HIV-1 replication in human monocytes/macrophages occurs at multiple levels including transcription of the proviral genome, which depends on virally encoded Tat protein. Interleukin-10 (IL-10), an anti-inflammatory cytokine which is up-regulated during disease progression of AIDS, has been reported to suppress HIV-1 replication in macrophages at a post-entry stage of the virus life cycle. Our previous studies have demonstrated that Tat function is regulated during the differentiation of monocyte-derived macrophages (MDMs) in a manner that correlates with the early induction and subsequent shut-off of its cellular cofactor cyclin T1. Here, we report that IL-10 down-regulates cyclin T1 expression through the induction of proteasome-mediated proteolysis in human macrophages. Using a reporter virus that is deficient in Tat function, we also demonstrate that IL-10 inhibits HIV-1 gene expression in a Tat-dependent manner. Together, these results suggest that the down-regulation of cyclin T1, and consequently Tat function, contributes to the suppressive effect of IL-10 on HIV-1 replication in human macrophages.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities