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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interleukin-6 induction of protein s is regulated through signal transducer and activator of transcription 3.

OBJECTIVE: The protein C anticoagulant pathway is an essential process for attenuating thrombin generation by the membrane-bound procoagulant complexes tenase and prothrombinase. In this pathway, protein S (PS) serves as a cofactor for activated protein C. PS circulates in plasma both in a free form and in complex with complement component 4b-binding protein (C4BP). C4BP is a known acute phase reactant, thereby suggesting a relation between PS and the acute phase response. Interleukin (IL)-6 has been shown to increase both PS and C4BP gene expression. Our objective was to study the regulation of PS gene expression by IL-6 in detail. METHODS AND RESULTS: IL-6 upregulates both PS mRNA and protein levels in liver-derived HepG2 cells. The promoter of the PS gene (PROS1) was cloned upstream from a luciferase reporter gene. After transfection in HepG2 cells, the luciferase activity was shown to be stimulated by the addition of IL-6. IL-6 exerts its effect through Signal Transducer and Activator of Transcription 3 (STAT3) that interacts with the PROS1 promoter at a binding site in between nucleotides 229 to 207 upstream from the translational start. CONCLUSIONS: IL-6 induces PS expression via STAT3. A possible function for IL-6- induced PS expression in cell survival is discussed.[1]


  1. Interleukin-6 induction of protein s is regulated through signal transducer and activator of transcription 3. de Wolf, C.J., Cupers, R.M., Bertina, R.M., Vos, H.L. Arterioscler. Thromb. Vasc. Biol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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