The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cutting edge: Epstein-Barr virus transactivates the HERV-K18 superantigen by docking to the human complement receptor 2 (CD21) on primary B cells.

EBV, a ubiquitous human herpesvirus, is the causative agent of infectious mononucleosis and is associated with many carcinomas. We have previously shown that the EBV latent genes LMP-1 and LMP-2A (for latent membrane proteins 1 and 2A), transactivate a human endogenous retrovirus (HERV), HERV-K18, in infected B lymphocytes. The envelope (Env) protein of HERV-K18 encodes a superantigen that strongly stimulates a large number of T cells. In this study we report that HERV-K18 env is transactivated even earlier in the infection process, before the establishment of latency; namely, we found that EBV, through its interaction with its cellular receptor CD21, induces the HERV-K18 env gene in resting B lymphocytes. This transactivation is direct and immediate, as up-regulation of transcripts can be detected within 30 min after EBV exposure. Thus, EBV binding to human CD21 on resting B cells triggers the expression of an endogenous superantigen. The biological significance of this superantigen expression for the EBV life cycle is discussed.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities