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MeSH Review

Endogenous Retroviruses

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Disease relevance of Endogenous Retroviruses


High impact information on Endogenous Retroviruses


Chemical compound and disease context of Endogenous Retroviruses


Biological context of Endogenous Retroviruses


Anatomical context of Endogenous Retroviruses


Gene context of Endogenous Retroviruses


Analytical, diagnostic and therapeutic context of Endogenous Retroviruses


  1. Epstein-Barr virus transactivates the human endogenous retrovirus HERV-K18 that encodes a superantigen. Sutkowski, N., Conrad, B., Thorley-Lawson, D.A., Huber, B.T. Immunity (2001) [Pubmed]
  2. Blocked coated pits in AtT20 cells result from endocytosis of budding retrovirions. Tooze, J. J. Cell Biol. (1985) [Pubmed]
  3. Identification of human endogenous retroviruses with complex mRNA expression and particle formation. Löwer, R., Boller, K., Hasenmaier, B., Korbmacher, C., Müller-Lantzsch, N., Löwer, J., Kurth, R. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1993) [Pubmed]
  4. An ancient family of human endogenous retroviruses encodes a functional homolog of the HIV-1 Rev protein. Yang, J., Bogerd, H.P., Peng, S., Wiegand, H., Truant, R., Cullen, B.R. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (1999) [Pubmed]
  5. Positive selection of primate TRIM5alpha identifies a critical species-specific retroviral restriction domain. Sawyer, S.L., Wu, L.I., Emerman, M., Malik, H.S. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2005) [Pubmed]
  6. A natural allele of Nxf1 suppresses retrovirus insertional mutations. Floyd, J.A., Gold, D.A., Concepcion, D., Poon, T.H., Wang, X., Keithley, E., Chen, D., Ward, E.J., Chinn, S.B., Friedman, R.A., Yu, H.T., Moriwaki, K., Shiroishi, T., Hamilton, B.A. Nat. Genet. (2003) [Pubmed]
  7. Transcription of IAP endogenous retroviruses is constrained by cytosine methylation. Walsh, C.P., Chaillet, J.R., Bestor, T.H. Nat. Genet. (1998) [Pubmed]
  8. Deficiencies of human complement component C4A and C4B and heterozygosity in length variants of RP-C4-CYP21-TNX (RCCX) modules in caucasians. The load of RCCX genetic diversity on major histocompatibility complex-associated disease. Blanchong, C.A., Zhou, B., Rupert, K.L., Chung, E.K., Jones, K.N., Sotos, J.F., Zipf, W.B., Rennebohm, R.M., Yung Yu, C. J. Exp. Med. (2000) [Pubmed]
  9. A host gene regulates the structure of the transmembrane envelope protein of murine leukemia viruses. Coppola, M.A., Thomas, C.Y. J. Exp. Med. (1990) [Pubmed]
  10. Coding sequences of functioning human genes derived entirely from mobile element sequences. Britten, R.J. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2004) [Pubmed]
  11. Relationship between rejection of several syngeneic tumors and retrovirus production by 5-bromodeoxyuridine-grown melanoma cells: lack of protection in natural killer-deficient beige mice. Silagi, S., Calvelli, T.A. Cancer Res. (1982) [Pubmed]
  12. Induction of retrovirus gene expression in mouse cells by some chemical mutagens. Tennant, R.W., Otten, J.A., Myer, F.E., Rascati, R.J. Cancer Res. (1982) [Pubmed]
  13. The envelope glycoprotein of human endogenous retrovirus type W uses a divergent family of amino acid transporters/cell surface receptors. Lavillette, D., Marin, M., Ruggieri, A., Mallet, F., Cosset, F.L., Kabat, D. J. Virol. (2002) [Pubmed]
  14. Age-dependent poliomyelitis of mice: expression of endogenous retrovirus correlates with cytocidal replication of lactate dehydrogenase-elevating virus in motor neurons. Contag, C.H., Plagemann, P.G. J. Virol. (1989) [Pubmed]
  15. SIRE1, an endogenous retrovirus family from Glycine max, is highly homogeneous and evolutionarily young. Laten, H.M., Havecker, E.R., Farmer, L.M., Voytas, D.F. Mol. Biol. Evol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  16. The LTR enhancer of ERV-9 human endogenous retrovirus is active in oocytes and progenitor cells in transgenic zebrafish and humans. Pi, W., Yang, Z., Wang, J., Ruan, L., Yu, X., Ling, J., Krantz, S., Isales, C., Conway, S.J., Lin, S., Tuan, D. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2004) [Pubmed]
  17. Retroviral and pseudogene insertion sites reveal the lineage of human salivary and pancreatic amylase genes from a single gene during primate evolution. Samuelson, L.C., Wiebauer, K., Snow, C.M., Meisler, M.H. Mol. Cell. Biol. (1990) [Pubmed]
  18. Dancing with complement C4 and the RP-C4-CYP21-TNX (RCCX) modules of the major histocompatibility complex. Yu, C.Y., Chung, E.K., Yang, Y., Blanchong, C.A., Jacobsen, N., Saxena, K., Yang, Z., Miller, W., Varga, L., Fust, G. Prog. Nucleic Acid Res. Mol. Biol. (2003) [Pubmed]
  19. The detailed characterisation of a 400 kb cosmid walk in the BRCA1 region: identification and localisation of 10 genes including a dual-specificity phosphatase. Jones, K.A., Black, D.M., Brown, M.A., Griffiths, B.L., Nicolai, H.M., Chambers, J.A., Bonjardim, M., Xu, C.F., Boyd, M., McFarlane, R. Hum. Mol. Genet. (1994) [Pubmed]
  20. Detection of mammary tumor virus env gene-like sequences in human breast cancer. Wang, Y., Holland, J.F., Bleiweiss, I.J., Melana, S., Liu, X., Pelisson, I., Cantarella, A., Stellrecht, K., Mani, S., Pogo, B.G. Cancer Res. (1995) [Pubmed]
  21. Coordinate transcriptional control of murine endogenous retrovirus and Ig genes during B cell differentiation. Hummell, D.S., Dooley, J.S., Khan, A.S., Lawton, A.R. J. Immunol. (1993) [Pubmed]
  22. Tissue-specific expression of human provirus ERV3 mRNA in human placenta: two of the three ERV3 mRNAs contain human cellular sequences. Kato, N., Pfeifer-Ohlsson, S., Kato, M., Larsson, E., Rydnert, J., Ohlsson, R., Cohen, M. J. Virol. (1987) [Pubmed]
  23. A novel gene from the human endogenous retrovirus K expressed in transformed cells. Armbruester, V., Sauter, M., Krautkraemer, E., Meese, E., Kleiman, A., Best, B., Roemer, K., Mueller-Lantzsch, N. Clin. Cancer Res. (2002) [Pubmed]
  24. Rec (formerly Corf) function requires interaction with a complex, folded RNA structure within its responsive element rather than binding to a discrete specific binding site. Magin-Lachmann, C., Hahn, S., Strobel, H., Held, U., Löwer, J., Löwer, R. J. Virol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  25. In vivo induction of endogenous retroviruses in BALB/c mouse hepatocytes by successive treatments with carbon tetrachloride and bromodeoxyuridine. Ayukawa, H.M., Saltzburg, D., Mukherjee, B.B. Int. J. Cancer (1979) [Pubmed]
  26. Genomewide screening for fusogenic human endogenous retrovirus envelopes identifies syncytin 2, a gene conserved on primate evolution. Blaise, S., de Parseval, N., Bénit, L., Heidmann, T. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. (2003) [Pubmed]
  27. Alternative splicing of the human VEGFGR-3/FLT4 gene as a consequence of an integrated human endogenous retrovirus. Hughes, D.C. J. Mol. Evol. (2001) [Pubmed]
  28. Developmental expression of HERV-R (ERV3) and HERV-K in human tissue. Andersson, A.C., Venables, P.J., Tönjes, R.R., Scherer, J., Eriksson, L., Larsson, E. Virology (2002) [Pubmed]
  29. Placenta-specific INSL4 expression is mediated by a human endogenous retrovirus element. Bièche, I., Laurent, A., Laurendeau, I., Duret, L., Giovangrandi, Y., Frendo, J.L., Olivi, M., Fausser, J.L., Evain-Brion, D., Vidaud, M. Biol. Reprod. (2003) [Pubmed]
  30. Structure and genomic organization of a novel human endogenous retrovirus family: HERV-K (HML-6). Medstrand, P., Mager, D.L., Yin, H., Dietrich, U., Blomberg, J. J. Gen. Virol. (1997) [Pubmed]
  31. The distribution of pol containing human endogenous retroviruses in non-human primates. Greenwood, A.D., Stengel, A., Erfle, V., Seifarth, W., Leib-Mösch, C. Virology (2005) [Pubmed]
  32. Evidence that HERV-K is the endogenous retrovirus sequence that codes for the human teratocarcinoma-derived retrovirus HTDV. Boller, K., König, H., Sauter, M., Mueller-Lantzsch, N., Löwer, R., Löwer, J., Kurth, R. Virology (1993) [Pubmed]
  33. Prion infection influences murine endogenous retrovirus expression in neuronal cells. Stengel, A., Bach, C., Vorberg, I., Frank, O., Gilch, S., Lutzny, G., Seifarth, W., Erfle, V., Maas, E., Schätzl, H., Leib-Mösch, C., Greenwood, A.D. Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. (2006) [Pubmed]
  34. Heart valves from pigs and the porcine endogenous retrovirus: experimental and clinical data to assess the probability of porcine endogenous retrovirus infection in human subjects. Moza, A.K., Mertsching, H., Herden, T., Bader, A., Haverich, A. J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg. (2001) [Pubmed]
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