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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of {gamma}-Aminobutyric Acid Receptor- interacting Factor 1 (TRAK2) as a Trafficking Factor for the K+ Channel Kir2.1.

To identify proteins that regulate potassium channel activity and expression, we performed functional screening of mammalian cDNA libraries in yeast that express the mammalian K(+) channel Kir2. 1. Growth of Kir2.1-expressing yeast in media with low K(+) concentration is a function of K(+) uptake via Kir2.1 channels. Therefore, the host strain was transformed with a human cDNA library, and cDNA clones that rescued growth at low K(+) concentration were selected. One of these clones was identical to the protein of unknown function isolated previously as gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor-interacting factor 1 (GRIF-1) (Beck, M., Brickley, K., Wilkinson, H., Sharma, S., Smith, M., Chazot, P., Pollard, S., and Stephenson, F. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277, 30079-30090). GRIF-1 specifically enhanced Kir2.1-dependent growth in yeast and Kir2.1-mediated (86)Rb(+) efflux in HEK293 cells. Quantitative microscopy and flow cytometry analysis of immunolabeled surface Kir2.1 channel showed that GRIF-1 significantly increased the number of Kir2.1 channels in the plasma membrane of COS and HEK293 cells. Physical interaction of Kir2.1 channel and GRIF-1 was demonstrated by co-immunoprecipitation from HEK293 lysates and yeast two-hybrid assay. In vivo association of Kir2.1 and GRIF-1 was demonstrated by co-immunoprecipitation from brain lysate. Yeast two-hybrid assays showed that an N-terminal region of GRIF-1 interacts with a C-terminal region of Kir2. 1. These results indicate that GRIF-1 binds to Kir2.1 and facilitates trafficking of this channel to the cell surface.[1]


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