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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

Role of angiotensin II type-1 and type-2 receptors on vascular smooth muscle cell growth and glucose metabolism in diabetic rats.

This study investigates the mechanisms whereby angiotensin II (Ang II) signaling contributes to cell growth and glucose metabolism in cultured vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) from male Wistar fatty rats (WF) and their littermates (Wistar lean rats, WL). The levels of the medial outgrowth rate of VSMCs and Ang II type-1 receptors (AT1R) in aortae from WF were more enhanced than those in aortae from WL, but the level of Ang II type-2 receptors (AT2R) was not different. A mixture of insulin and Ang II additively increased the values of [(3)H]-thymidine incorporation in WF and WL, which was inhibited by olmesartan, an AT1 receptor blockade (ARB), but not by PD123,319, an AT2 receptor blockade. Similarly, insulin and Ang II phosphorylated extracellular-regulated protein kinase 1/2, retinoblastoma tumor suppressor protein, and cyclic AMP response element binding protein, and these levels were higher in WF than in WL. In contrast, the phosphorylation was suppressed by olmesartan but not PD123,319. Insulin-stimulated Akt phosphorylation and 2-deoxy-d-glucose uptake in WF were significantly reduced by Ang II, and the reduction was ameliorated by olmesartan but not PD123,319. Differently from the result of Akt, the phosphorylation of the insulin- stimulated insulin receptor beta-subunit was not affected by Ang II, olmesartan, or PD123,319. However, the phosphorylation of insulin-stimulated insulin-related substrate (IRS)-1 was suppressed by Ang II, and the suppression was ameliorated by olmesartan, but not PD123,319, in both WF and WL. In contrast, the phosphorylation of IRS-1 on Ser(307) was elevated by the Ang II, and the elevation was suppressed by olmesartan, but not by PD123,319, in both WF and WL. These findings demonstrated that Ang II signaling contributes to cell proliferation and inhibition of the insulin signaling pathways through AT1R, but not trough AT2R, in both non-diabetic and diabetic VSMCs.[1]

References

  1. Role of angiotensin II type-1 and type-2 receptors on vascular smooth muscle cell growth and glucose metabolism in diabetic rats. Igarashi, M., Hirata, A., Nozaki, H., Kadomoto-Antsuki, Y., Tominaga, M. Diabetes Res. Clin. Pract. (2007) [Pubmed]
 
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