The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Ca2+ potentiates cAMP-dependent expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator gene through a calmodulin- and protein kinase C-independent mechanism.

In the porcine renal epithelial cell line, LLC-PK1, activation of the cAMP-dependent signal transduction pathway induces the urokinase-type plasminogen activator (uPA) gene. We show here that the cAMP response is enhanced when the intracellular calcium concentration is increased. When LLC-PK1 cells were treated with the calcium ionophore ionomycin alone, there was no uPA mRNA accumulation. However, in the presence of ionomycin the dose-response of 8-bromo-cAMP (Br-cAMP) with respect to uPA mRNA accumulation was shifted toward the lower concentrations of Br-cAMP. A Northern blot analysis after the inhibition of RNA synthesis and nuclear run-on assays showed that the synergistic effect of Ca2+ could be attributed to increases in uPA gene transcription and mRNA stability. In the presence of cycloheximide, a protein synthesis inhibitor, uPA mRNA was stabilized, but the effect of ionomycin on Br-cAMP-induced mRNA accumulation was still maintained. The result suggests that the Ca2+, at least on transcription, does not require new protein synthesis. Ionomycin treatment did not modify the activity of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase, suggesting that Ca2+ either affects a step in the pathway between the kinase and the uPA gene, or acts independently of the cAMP-dependent protein kinase pathway. The effect of ionomycin was not suppressed by protein kinase C down-regulation nor by inhibitors of calmodulin. Synergism was also observed when Br-cAMP was replaced with calcitonin, a peptide hormone which is coupled to adenylate cyclase, and when ionomycin was replaced with another ionophore A23187, suggesting that the synergism is due to an interaction between cAMP-dependent and Ca2(+)-dependent signal transduction pathways.[1]

References

 
WikiGenes - Universities