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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human cytosolic sulfotransferase 2B1: Isoform expression, tissue specificity and subcellular localization.

Sulfation is an important Phase II conjugation reaction involved in the synthesis and metabolism of steroids in humans. Two different isoforms (2B1a and 2B1b) are encoded by the sulfotransferase (SULT) 2B1 gene utilizing different start sites of transcription resulting in the incorporation of different first exons. SULT2B1a and SULT2B1b are 350 and 365 amino acids in length, respectively, and the last 342 aa are identical. Message for both SULT2B1 isoforms is present in human tissues although SULT2B1b message is generally more abundant. However, to date only SULT2B1b protein has been detected in human tissues or cell lines. SULT2B1b is localized in the cytosol and/or nuclei of human cells. A unique 3'-extension of SULT2B1b is required for nuclear localization in human BeWo placental choriocarcinoma cells. Nuclear localization is stimulated by forskolin treatment in BeWo cells and serine phosphorylation has been identified in the 3'-extension. SULT2B1b is selective for the sulfation of 3beta-hydroxysteroids such as dehydroepiandrosterone and pregnenolone, and may also have a role in cholesterol sulfation in human skin. The substrate specificity, nuclear localization, and tissue localization of SULT2B1b suggest a role in regulating the responsiveness of cells to adrenal androgens via their direct inactivation or by preventing their conversion to more potent androgens and estrogens.[1]


  1. Human cytosolic sulfotransferase 2B1: Isoform expression, tissue specificity and subcellular localization. Falany, C.N., He, D., Dumas, N., Frost, A.R., Falany, J.L. J. Steroid Biochem. Mol. Biol. (2006) [Pubmed]
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