The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Augmented Lipopolysaccharide-Induced TNF-{alpha} Production by Peritoneal Macrophages in Type 2 Diabetic Mice Is Dependent on Elevated Glucose and Requires p38 MAPK.

Dysregulated inflammation is a complication of type 2 diabetes (T2D). In this study, we show that augmented LPS-induced TNF-alpha production by resident peritoneal macrophages (PerMphi) in type 2 diabetic (db/db) mice is dependent on elevated glucose and requires p38 MAPK. Intraperitoneal LPS administered to db/db and nondiabetic (db/+) mice induced 3- and 4-fold more TNF-alpha in the peritoneum and serum, respectively, of db/db mice as compared with db/+ mice. Examination of the TLR-4/MD2 complex and CD14 expression showed no difference between db/db and db/+ PerMphi. Ex vivo stimulation of PerMphi with LPS produced a similar 3-fold increase in TNF-alpha production in db/db PerMphi when compared with db/+ PerMphi. PerMphi isolated from db/+ mice incubated in high glucose (4 g/L) medium for 12 h produced nearly 2-fold more TNF-alpha in response to LPS than PerMphi incubated in normal glucose medium (1 g/L). LPS-dependent stimulation of PI3K activity, ERK1/2 activation, and p38 kinase activity was greater in PerMphi from db/db mice as compared with db/+ mice. Only inhibition of p38 kinase blocked LPS- induced TNF-alpha production in PerMphi from db/db mice. Taken together, these data indicate that augmented TNF-alpha production induced by LPS in macrophages during diabetes is due to hyperglycemia and increased LPS-dependent activation of p38 kinase.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities