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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Human glioma cell sensitivity to the sequence-specific alkylating agent methyl-lexitropsin.

PURPOSE: Defining the cytotoxicity of individual adducts in DNA is necessary for mechanistic understanding of human brain tumor resistance to therapeutic alkylating agents and for design of DNA repair-related antiresistance strategies. Our purpose is to characterize the sensitivity of human glioma cells to methyl-lexitropsin (Me-lex), a sequence-specific alkylator that produces 3-methyladenine (3-meA) as the predominant (>90%) DNA lesion. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We quantitated the Me-lex cytotoxicity of 10 human glioma cell lines that differ in O(6)-methylguanine (O(6)-meG)-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) and mismatch repair activity. We used antisense suppression of alkyladenine DNA glycosylase (AAG) and Ape1 to assess the contribution of 3-meA and abasic sites to lethality and measured abasic sites. RESULTS: (a) The LD(10) for Me-lex varied widely among the cell lines. (b) MGMT-proficient lines were more resistant than MGMT-deficient lines, an unexpected finding because Me-lex produces very little O(6)-meG. (c) Suppression of AAG increased Me-lex killing and reduced abasic site content. (d) Suppression of Ape1 increased Me-lex killing and increased abasic site content. (e) Ablation of MGMT had no effect on Me-lex cytotoxicity. CONCLUSIONS: (a) Me-lex is cytotoxic in human glioma cells and AAG promotes resistance, indicating that 3-meA is a lethal lesion in these cells. (b) Abasic sites resulting from 3-meA repair are cytotoxic and Ape1 promotes resistance to these derivative lesions. (c) A factor(s) associated with MGMT expression, other than repair of O(6)-meG, contributes to Me-lex resistance. (d) Me-lex may have clinical utility in the adjuvant therapy of gliomas. (e) AAG and Ape1 inhibitors may be useful in targeting alkylating agent resistance.[1]


  1. Human glioma cell sensitivity to the sequence-specific alkylating agent methyl-lexitropsin. Bobola, M.S., Varadarajan, S., Smith, N.W., Goff, R.D., Kolstoe, D.D., Blank, A., Gold, B., Silber, J.R. Clin. Cancer Res. (2007) [Pubmed]
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