The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Changes in intracellular sodium during the hydroosmotic response to vasopressin.

During vasopressin (VP)-induced water movement, toad urinary bladder epithelial cells undergo unique morphological changes. The osmolality within these responding cells remains relatively stable despite the large transcellular transport of water. We hypothesized that the hydroosmotic response to VP may be associated with a net increase in sodium either as an aid in maintaining the intracellular osmolality or as part of a Na-Ca exchange process. Changes in intracellular sodium (Nai) were monitored over time in individual hemibladders using 23Na NMR. Hemibladders were mounted as bags on glass pipets and filled with deionized water. During NMR studies, the serosal bath consisted of aerated 2.4 mM HCO3 amphibian Ringer's (pH 8.1) made up with 15% D2O containing the shift reagent, dysprosium tripolyphosphate (1 mM). This reagent allowed for visualization of Nai by shifting the extracellular Na signal; it did not affect basal or VP stimulated water flow, short-circuit current, or high energy phosphate metabolism as seen by 31P NMR. Changes in Nai were determined by integrating the area under the unshifted Na peak at each measurement and expressing differences as a ratio relative to baseline. The initial Nai signal from unstimulated hemibladders remained stable in these tissues over at least 180 minutes. Within 30 minutes of VP (20 mU/ml) exposure, however, the Nai peak increased 2.47 times above pretreatment baseline (N = 16, P less than 0.001). The Nai signal returned toward baseline values with removal of VP from the serosal bath but only after approximately 90 minutes. When change in cell shape and water movement were prevented by having isotonic sorbitol in the mucosal bath, VP produced no change in the Nai signal (N = 10).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


  1. Changes in intracellular sodium during the hydroosmotic response to vasopressin. Brem, A.S., Matheson, K.L., Pacholski, M., Inman, K., Lawler, R. Kidney Int. (1991) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities