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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 

A kinase-anchoring protein 150 and calcineurin are involved in regulation of acid-sensing ion channels ASIC1a and ASIC2a.

Acid-sensing ion channel (ASIC) 1a and ASIC2a are acid-sensing ion channels in central and peripheral neurons. ASIC1a has been implicated in long-term potentiation of synaptic transmission and ischemic brain injury, whereas ASIC2a is involved in mechanosensation. Although the biological role and distribution of ASIC1a and ASIC2a subunits in brain have been well characterized, little is known about the intracellular regulation of these ion channels that modulates their function. Using pulldown assays and mass spectrometry, we have identified A kinase-anchoring protein (AKAP)150 and the protein phosphatase calcineurin as binding proteins to ASIC2a. Extended pulldown and co-immunoprecipitation assays showed that these regulatory proteins also interact with ASIC1a. Transfection of rat cortical neurons with constructs encoding green fluorescent protein- or hemagglutinin-tagged channels showed expression of ASIC1a and ASIC2a in punctate and clustering patterns in dendrites that co-localized with AKAP150. Inhibition of protein kinase A binding to AKAPs by Ht-31 peptide reduces ASIC currents in cortical neurons and Chinese hamster ovary cells, suggesting a role of AKAP150 in association with protein kinase A in ASIC function. We also demonstrated a regulatory function of calcineurin in ASIC1a and ASIC2a activity. Cyclosporin A, an inhibitor of calcineurin, increased ASIC currents in Chinese hamster ovary cells and in cortical neurons, suggesting that activity of ASICs is inhibited by calcineurin-dependent dephosphorylation. These data imply that ASIC down-regulation by calcineurin could play an important role under pathological conditions accompanying intracellular Ca(2+) overload and tissue acidosis to circumvent harmful activities mediated by these channels.[1]

References

  1. A kinase-anchoring protein 150 and calcineurin are involved in regulation of acid-sensing ion channels ASIC1a and ASIC2a. Chai, S., Li, M., Lan, J., Xiong, Z.G., Saugstad, J.A., Simon, R.P. J. Biol. Chem. (2007) [Pubmed]
 
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