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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cellular kinetics of transforming growth factor-beta induced hemoglobin accumulation in the HEL erythroleukemia cell line.

Transforming growth factor-beta 1 (TGF beta 1) can induce hemoglobin accumulation in a clone of the human HEL erythroleukemia cell line. This clone has previously been designated as HEL-T. The effect of TGF beta 1 was reversible and it had to be continuously present for the maximal number of cells to become positive for hemoglobin. The TGF beta 1 effect was blocked by phorbol ester and partially blocked by the calmodulin antagonist W-7, but not by dexamethasone. Simultaneous exposure to gamma-interferon, IL-1, IL-6, IL-3 and GM-CSF had no significant effect on TGF beta induced hemoglobin accumulation. However, when TGF beta was combined with TNF alpha, it was observed that there was approximately a 10-15% reduction in benzidine-positive cells. Cell-cycle analysis revealed no significant long-term alterations in any of the compartments. Analysis of the TGF beta 1 effect on 10 different HEL-T-derived clones revealed that the number of benzidine-positive cells ranged from 12 to 70% after 5 days of continuous exposure. Cell proliferation was similarly differentially affected. Another HEL cell line, designated as W-HEL, did not accumulate hemoglobin in the presence of TGF beta 1, but did have an increase in alpha-globin RNA expression.[1]


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