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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Expression and induction of intercellular adhesion molecules (ICAMs) and major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens on cultured murine oligodendrocytes and astrocytes.

Expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1), ICAM-2-like molecule (Lgp55), and class I/II major histocompatibility complex (MHC) antigens (H-2 and Ia) was investigated in cultures of murine oligodendrocytes and astrocytes. Under unstimulated conditions, low levels of ICAM-1 expression were observed on astrocytes (less than 20%), but not on oligodendrocytes. Lgp55 was expressed intensely on oligodendrocytes (greater than 90%) and to a lesser degree on astrocytes (greater than 70%). A weak class I MHC (H-2) immunoreactivity was identified on both oligodendrocytes and astrocytes (50-70%). Class II MHC (Ia) antigen was undetectable on both cell types. After 48-hr exposure to immune mediators that include interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), 500 U/ml, and supernatant from concanavalin A (Con A)-activated spleen cells, ICAM-1 expression was markedly increased on astrocytes (greater than 80%), but not on oligodendrocytes. Lgp55 expression on both cell types was not altered. Induction of H-2 antigen expression by immune mediators was quite high on both cell types (greater than 95%), while Ia antigen induction was low on astrocytes (less than 50%) and did not occur on oligodendrocytes. Cell type-specific expression and induction of ICAMs and MHC antigens by immune mediators may play roles in lymphocyte-glial cell interactions at the sites of inflammation in the central nervous system (CNS).[1]


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