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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

MDM2 antagonist nutlin-3 displays antiproliferative and proapoptotic activity in mantle cell lymphoma.

PURPOSE: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) has one of the poorest prognoses of the non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, and novel therapeutic approaches are needed. We wished to determine whether Nutlin-3, a novel small-molecule murine double minute 2 (MDM2) antagonist that efficiently activates TP53, might be effective in inducing cell death in MCL. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: MCL cell lines with known TP53 status were treated with Nutlin-3, and biological and biochemical consequences were studied. Synergies with the prototypic genotoxic agent doxorubicin and the novel proteasome inhibitor bortezomib were assessed. RESULTS: Nutlin-3 resulted in a reduction in cell proliferation/viability (IC50 < 10 micromol/L), an increase in the apoptotic fraction, and cell cycle arrest in wild-type (wt) TP53 Z-138 and Granta 519 cells. These effects were accompanied by TP53 accumulation and induction of TP53-dependent proteins p21, MDM2, Puma, and Noxa. Cell cycle arrest was characterized by suppression of S phase and an increase in the G0-G1 and G2-M fractions and accompanied by suppression of total and phosphorylated retinoblastoma protein and a decrease in G2-M-associated proteins cyclin B and CDC2. The combination of Nutlin-3 with doxorubicin or bortezomib was synergistic in wt-TP53 MCL cells. Nutlin-3 also induced cell cycle arrest and reduced cell viability in the mutant TP53 MINO cells but at a significantly higher IC50 (22.5 micromol/L). These effects were associated with induction of the TP53 homologue p73, slight increases in p21 and Noxa, and caspase activation. Nutlin-3 and bortezomib synergistically inhibited cell growth of MINO. CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that the MDM2 antagonist Nutlin-3 may be an effective agent in the treatment of MCL with or without wt-TP53.[1]


  1. MDM2 antagonist nutlin-3 displays antiproliferative and proapoptotic activity in mantle cell lymphoma. Tabe, Y., Sebasigari, D., Jin, L., Rudelius, M., Davies-Hill, T., Miyake, K., Miida, T., Pittaluga, S., Raffeld, M. Clin. Cancer Res. (2009) [Pubmed]
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