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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Susceptibilities of 394 Bacteroides fragilis, non-B. fragilis group Bacteroides species, and Fusobacterium species to newer antimicrobial agents.

The susceptibilities of 374 selected beta-lactamase-producing gram-negative anaerobes (including 22 cefoxitin-resistant strains and 36 strains refractory to the enhancing effect of beta-lactamase inhibitors) and 20 beta-lactamase-negative strains were tested by agar dilution against selected new agents. The organisms included 217 Bacteroides fragilis group strains, 137 non-B. fragilis group Bacteroides spp., and 40 fusobacteria. All strains were susceptible to piperacillin-tazobactam, imipenem, and meropenem. For the B. fragilis group, 96% were susceptible to ampicillin-sulbactam, 95% were susceptible to amoxicillin-clavulanate and cefoperazone-sulbactam, 94% were susceptible to tosufloxacin, 91% were susceptible to cefoxitin, 88% were susceptible to trospectomycin, and 73% were susceptible to cefotetan. For the beta-lactamase-positive non-B. fragilis group Bacteroides spp., greater than or equal to 94% were susceptible to cefoxitin, amoxicillin-clavulanate, ampicillin-sulbactam, cefoperazone-sulbactam, and trospectomycin, 90% were susceptible to cefotetan, and 85% were susceptible to tosufloxacin (the most resistant strains were B. bivius and B. disiens). For the beta-lactamase-positive fusobacteria, greater than or equal to 97% were susceptible to amoxicillin-clavulanate, ampicillin-sulbactam, cefoperazone-sulbactam, trospectomycin, and cefoxitin, 90% were susceptible to cefotetan, and 89% were susceptible to tosufloxacin. All agents showed excellent activity against beta-lactamase-negative strains (for trospectomycin, 95% were susceptible; for all other drugs, 100% were susceptible). Overall, both carbapenems and piperacillin-tazobactam were most active. Amoxicillin-clavulanate, ampicillin-sulbactam, and cefoperazone-sulbactam lacked activity against some cefoxitin-resistant B. fragilis group strains but had excellent activity against other organisms. Tosufloxacin, a new quinolone, had very good activity against B. fragilis group strains (94% susceptible), good activity against other beta-lactamase-positive strains (less than or equal 85% susceptible), and excellent activity against beta-lactamase-negative strains (100% susceptible; MIC for 90% of strains, 0.5 microgram/ml). Trospectomycin was active against >90% of all strains except for B. fragilis group strains (88% susceptible; MIC for 90% of strains, 32 microgram/ml). Clinical studies are required to delineate the role of newer agents in the therapy of anaerobic infections.[1]


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