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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Role of the cellular attachment domain of fibronectin in the phagocytosis of beads by human gingival fibroblasts in vitro.

To study the role of phagocytosis in periodontal tissues, internalization of fibronectin-coated latex beads by Gin-1 fibroblast populations was investigated. Demonstration of phagocytosis by internalization of beads was confirmed by immunofluorescence microscopy, electron microscopy, and flow-cytometry. The percent of cells phagocytosing beads measured by flow-cytometry was negligible at 4 degrees and 23 degrees C, but increased to approximately 17% at 37 degrees C. As measured by automated image analysis, the percentage of phagocytosing cells increased linearly from 8 to 22 with increasing fibronectin concentration of the incubation solution from 30 ng to 300 micrograms/ml. Similar linear increases in the percentage of phagocytosing cells were observed when beads were incubated with cells for periods ranging from 2 h to 2 days. To examine the role of the Arg-Gly-Asp receptor in mediating phagocytosis, fibronectin-coated beads were first coated with either Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-Pro or Gly-Arg-Gly-Glu-Ser-Pro peptides at concentrations of 0.125, 0.5, and 1 mg/ml, or with control vehicle, and then incubated with cells. Phagocytosis was completely blocked at 1 mg/ml of the Gly-Arg-Gly-Asp-Ser-Pro peptide, but the Gly-Arg-Gly-Glu-Ser-Pro peptide showed no significant inhibition compared to control values. Blocking antibodies to the cell attachment domain of the fibronectin molecule also reduced the percentage of phagocytosing cells significantly. The data show that these phagocytic assays are sensitive enough to detect the influence of incubation temperature and time, cellular heterogeneity, ligand type, and ligand concentration on the percentage of phagocytosing cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)[1]


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