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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The adhesion plaque protein, talin, is phosphorylated in vivo in chicken embryo fibroblasts exposed to a tumor-promoting phorbol ester.

Talin is a high molecular weight phosphoprotein that is localized at adhesion plaques. We have found that talin phosphorylation increases 3.0-fold upon exposure of chicken embryo fibroblasts to the tumor-promoting phorbol ester, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate. Talin isolated from tumor promoter-treated cells is phosphorylated on serine and threonine residues. Vinculin, a 130 kDa talin-binding protein, also exhibits increased phosphorylation in vivo in response to tumor promoter, but to a lesser degree than does talin. Because tumor-promoting phorbol esters augment protein kinase C activity, we have compared the ability of purified protein kinase C to phosphorylate talin and vinculin in vitro. Both talin and vinculin were found to be substrates for protein kinase C; however, talin was phosphorylated to a greater extent than was vinculin. Cleavage of protein kinase C-phosphorylated talin by the calcium-dependent protease (Type II) revealed that while both the resulting 190-200 and 46 kDa proteolytic peptides were phosphorylated, the majority of label was contained within the 46-kDa fragment. Although incubation of chicken embryo fibroblasts with tumor-promoting phorbol ester induces a dramatic increase in talin phosphorylation, we detected no change in the organization of stress fibers and focal contacts in these cells. Exposure of the cells to tumor promoter did, however, result in a loss of actin and talin-rich cell surface elaborations that resemble focal contact precursor structures.[1]


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