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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Aromatase cytochrome P450 in rat ovarian granulosa cells before and after luteinization: adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate-dependent and independent regulation. Cloning and sequencing of rat aromatase cDNA and 5' genomic DNA.

The complete nucleotide sequence for rat ovarian aromatase cytochrome P450 (P450arom) has been derived from four cDNA clones isolated from three rat granulosa/luteal cell lambda gt11 cDNA expression libraries. The composite P450arom cDNA extends 1597 basepairs, encodes a protein of 508 amino acids (calculated mol wt = 58,263), and hybridizes to three mRNA transcripts (3.3, 2.6, and 1.9 kilobases in size) in rat ovarian tissues. A 5' genomic fragment was isolated from a rat genomic library and shown to contain exon I and 538 basepairs of 5' flanking sequences, including putative promoter elements. Further, we document that P450arom mRNA and estradiol (E) biosynthesis are regulated by cAMP-dependent mechanisms in granulosa cells of preovulatory (PO) follicles, but are maintained by cAMP-independent mechanisms after LH/hCG-induced luteinization. The transition of the PO granulosa cell to the luteal cell (PO + hCG) phenotype requires 5 h of exposure to hCG in vivo. Once the luteal cell phenotype is programed, P450arom mRNA and E biosynthesis are maintained in the luteinized cells for up to 10 days in a constitutive manner in the absence of hormones or agents that increase intracellular cAMP. Furthermore, when PO + hCG (7 h) follicles were isolated and incubated for 1-3 h with reversible inhibitors of transcription (actinomycin-D) or translation (cycloheximide) before harvesting the granulosa cells, neither morphological nor functional luteinization of granulosa cells in culture was impaired. Thus, rapid cellular and molecular events occur in granulosa cells within 5-7 h after an ovulatory LH/hCG surge that alter the hormonal regulation of the aromatase gene.[1]


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