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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Nucleotide sequence and characterization of the Staphylococcus aureus norA gene, which confers resistance to quinolones.

The norA gene cloned from chromosomal DNA of quinolone-resistant Staphylococcus aureus TK2566 conferred relatively high resistance to hydrophilic quinolones such as norfloxacin, enoxacin, ofloxacin, and ciprofloxacin, but only low or no resistance at all to hydrophobic ones such as nalidixic acid, oxolinic acid, and sparfloxacin in S. aureus and Escherichia coli. The 2.7-kb DNA fragment containing the norA gene had a long open reading frame coding for 388 amino acid residues with a molecular weight of 42,265, which was consistent with the experimental value of about 49,000 obtained on DNA-directed translation. The deduced NorA polypeptide has 12 hydrophobic membrane-spanning regions and is partly homologous to tetracycline resistance protein and sugar transport proteins. The uptake of a hydrophilic quinolone, enoxacin, by S. aureus harboring a plasmid carrying the norA gene was about 50% that by the parent strain lacking the plasmid, but it increased to almost the same level as that by the latter strain with carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenyl hydrazone. On the other hand, the uptake of a hydrophobic quinolone, sparfloxacin, was similar in the two strains. These results suggest that the NorA polypeptide may constitute a membrane-associated active efflux pump of hydrophilic quinolones.[1]

References

  1. Nucleotide sequence and characterization of the Staphylococcus aureus norA gene, which confers resistance to quinolones. Yoshida, H., Bogaki, M., Nakamura, S., Ubukata, K., Konno, M. J. Bacteriol. (1990) [Pubmed]
 
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