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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Partial purification and characterization of a ribonucleic acid N2-guanine methyltransferase associated with avian myeloblastosis virus.

A nucleic acid methylase, N2-guanine ribonucleic acid (RNA) methyltransferase, which is associated with type C RNA tumor viruses, has been purified from avian myeloblastosis virions by gel filtration on Sephadex G-200, followed by chromatography on hydroxylapatite. The molecular weight estimated by gel filtration is 220 000, and the methylase activity has a pH optimum of 7.6--7. 9. Magnesium and ammonium ions both stimulate activity 1.5-fold at 9.5 mM and 0.36 M, respectively, but apparently neither is essential for activity. Both daunomycin and adriamycin, antineoplastic drugs, also increase activity 1.5-fold at 1 mM. The enzyme was purified 120-fold from the virions and the activity is partially stabilized by dithiothretiol, but large losses were sustained during 24-h dialysis. The purified enzyme retains 75% of its activity on storage at -25 degrees C for 2 months in buffer containing 50% glycerol. Escherichia coli tRNAPhe and tRNAVal are preferred substrates with methylation occurring at position 10 of E. coli tRNAPhe.[1]


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