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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Biochemical and morphological characterization of the intra-acrosomal antigen SP-10 from human sperm.

The human sperm protein SP-10 was previously defined as a "primary vaccine candidate" by a World Health Organization Taskforce on Contraceptive Vaccines. By one- and two-dimensional immunoblots, we show that SP-10, extracted from ejaculated human sperm, demonstrated a polymorphism of immunogenic peptides from 18 to 34 kDa, a pattern that was conserved from individual to individual and was not altered by reducing agents. The majority of the antigenic peptides possessed isoelectric points of approximately 4. 9. Immunocytochemistry on testis sections indicated that SP-10 was localized to round spermatids and spermatozoa within the adluminal compartment of the seminiferous epithelium. Immunofluorescence showed that SP-10 was not associated with the surface of acrosome-intact, ejaculated sperm. Light and electron microscopic immunocytochemistry localized SP-10 throughout the acrosome, and electron microscopic evidence demonstrated a bilaminar array in association with the inner aspect of the outer acrosomal membrane and the outer aspect of the inner acrosomal membrane. After induction of the acrosome reaction with the ionophore A23187, SP-10 remained displayed on the sperm head in association with the inner acrosomal membrane and equatorial segment. The results indicate that the MHS-10 monoclonal antibody may be used as a marker of acrosome development in the human and as a probe to evaluate acrosome status. The results also support the hypothesis that inhibition of sperm-egg interaction by anti-SP-10 monoclonal antibody may occur as a result of antigen exposure following the acrosome reaction.[1]


  1. Biochemical and morphological characterization of the intra-acrosomal antigen SP-10 from human sperm. Herr, J.C., Flickinger, C.J., Homyk, M., Klotz, K., John, E. Biol. Reprod. (1990) [Pubmed]
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