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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Catabolism of benzoate and monohydroxylated benzoates by Amycolatopsis and Streptomyces spp.

Eight actinomycetes of the genera Amycolatopsis and Streptomyces were tested for the degradation of aromatic compounds by growth in a liquid medium containing benzoate, monohydroxylated benzoates, or quinate as the principal carbon source. Benzoate was converted to catechol. The key intermediate in the degradation of salicylate was either catechol or gentisate, while m-hydroxybenzoate was metabolized via gentisate or protocatechuate. p-Hydroxybenzoate and quinate were converted to protocatechuate. Catechol, gentisate, and protocatechuate were cleaved by catechol 1,2-dioxygenase, gentisate 1,2-dioxygenase, and protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase, respectively. The requirement for glutathione in the gentisate pathway was dependent on the substrate and the particular strain. The conversion of p-hydroxybenzoate to protocatechuate by p-hydroxybenzoate hydroxylase was gratuitously induced by all substrates that were metabolized via protocatechuate as an intermediate, while protocatechuate 3,4-dioxygenase was gratuitously induced by benzoate and salicylate in two Amycolatopsis strains.[1]


  1. Catabolism of benzoate and monohydroxylated benzoates by Amycolatopsis and Streptomyces spp. Grund, E., Knorr, C., Eichenlaub, R. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. (1990) [Pubmed]
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