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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Export of mitochondrially synthesized lysophosphatidic acid.

We have previously demonstrated that the properties of mitochondrial glycerophosphate acyltransferase are in keeping with the asymmetric distribution of fatty acids found in naturally occurring cell glycerophospholipids. We are now examining if mitochondria can export lysophosphatidic acid and if it is converted to other phospholipids by the microsomes. Rat liver mitochondria were incubated for 3 min with [2-3H]-sn-glycerol 3-phosphate, palmityl-CoA, and N-ethylmaleimide in the acyltransferase assay medium. In the absence of bovine serum albumin in the medium, greater than 80% of the phospholipids sedimented with the mitochondria. In the presence of the albumin, the lysophosphatidic acid was present entirely in the supernatant fluid. The very little phosphatidic acid that was formed sedimented with the mitochondria. Addition of microsomes to the supernatant fluid followed by a further incubation of 5 min converted 61% of the lysophosphatidic acid to phosphatidic acid which sedimented with the microsomes. When mitochondria and microsomes were incubated together in the assay medium containing albumin and N-ethylmaleimide, the product contained more phosphatidic and less lysophosphatidic acid. When the subcellular components were reisolated by differential centrifugation, 70% of the phosphatidic acid sedimented with the microsomes and the lysophosphatidic acid stayed in the postmicrosomal supernatant. Thus, under appropriate conditions mitochondrially produced lysophosphatidic acid can leave the organelles and this phospholipid can be converted to phosphatidic acid by the microsomes.[1]


  1. Export of mitochondrially synthesized lysophosphatidic acid. Haldar, D., Lipfert, L. J. Biol. Chem. (1990) [Pubmed]
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