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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Equilibrium constants of the reactions of choline acetyltransferase, carnitine acetyltransferase, and acetylcholinesterase under physiological conditions.

The observed equilibrium constant (Kobs) for the reaction of choline acetyltransferase (EC has been determined under physiological conditions. Using sigma and square brackets to indicate total concentrations of all ionic species present: (see article). The value of Kobs has been determined to be 12.3 plus or minus 0.6 at 38 degrees, pH 7.0 and ionic strength 0.25 M. The value at 25 degrees is not significantly different, and the constant has been found to be insensitive to variations in ionic strength (0.03 to 0.375 M), pH (6.5 TO 7.5) OR FREE [Mg-2+] (0 to 5 mM). The Kobs of this reaction reflects the difference between the observed standard free energy change (delta G-oobs) for the hydrolysis of acetylcholine and the delta G-oobs for the hydrolysis of acetyl-CoA. Since the delta G-oobs for the hydrolysis of acetyl-CoA has been previously determined to be minus 8.54 kcal/mol (minus 35.75 kJ/mol under the same physiological conditions, the delta G-oobs for the reaction of acetylcholinesterase (EC (SEE ARTICLE). Can be calculated to be minus 6.99 kcal/mol (minus 29.26 kJ/mol) at pH ionic strength 0.25 M and 38 degrees, taking the standard state of liquid water to have unit activity ([H2O] equals 1). The pKa for acetic acid under the same conditions, has been determined to be 4.60 plus or minus 0.01, allowing the Kobs for the pH-independent reaction (see article). To be calculated to be 3.28 times 10-2 M. Choline and carnitine are chemical analogues. The Kobs for the corresponding reaction of carnitine acetyltransferase (EC (SEE ARTICLE). Under the same physiological conditions of pH (7.0), ionic strength (0.25 M), and temperature (38 degrees) has been determined to be 1.73 plus or minus 0.05, making the delta G-oobs for the hydrolysis of acetylcholine only 1.21 kcal/mol (5.06 kJ) less negative than that for the hydrolysis of acetylcarnitine.[1]


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