The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Clonal variation in the production of tumor-associated alpha 2-macroglobulin in a malignant human melanoma and association with growth stimulation.

alpha 2-Macroglobulin ( alpha 2-M) is known as a wide-spectrum proteinase inhibitor and to bind covalently certain growth factors. We have previously characterized tumor-associated alpha 2-M synthesized and secreted by human tumor cell lines. Of the cell lines studied, the melanoma cell line HMB-2 produced the largest amount of this glycoprotein. Immunofluorescence staining of cultured HMB-2 cells suggested that the cell population is heterogeneous with respect to alpha 2-M production. We have now isolated clones from the parental HMB-2 cells and characterized eight representative ones in detail. They varied considerably in the quantity of alpha 2-M secreted, from 4.2 to 46.5% of total protein. No relationship between the production of alpha 2-M by these clones and their pigmentation or tumorigenicity in nude mice was found. However, statistically there was a strong correlation between the modal chromosome number and population doubling time (r2 = 0.88, P less than 0.001) and also between the modal chromosome number and alpha 2-M production (r2 = 0.73, P less than 0.01). The growth rate of the clones correlated with the level of alpha 2-M in culture medium (r2 = 0.69, P less than 0.01). Clones with lower alpha 2-M production had a proportionally shorter population doubling time than the clones with intermediate or high production. Northern hybridization indicated quantitative variation in the alpha 2-M mRNA expressed by the parental cells and the clones, that was comparable but not identical with the quantity of alpha 2-M in the respective culture media; both parental cells and clones expressed platelet-derived growth factor A-chain mRNAs with little difference in levels. Serum-free medium from low alpha 2-M producer clones stimulated normal stationary fibroblasts significantly more than clones producing intermediate or high amounts of alpha 2-M. alpha 2-M decreased and anti- alpha 2-M IgG increased the stimulation. These results suggest that production of tumor-associated alpha 2-M is related to both autocrine and paracrine growth-stimulating activity of the tumor cells.[1]


  1. Clonal variation in the production of tumor-associated alpha 2-macroglobulin in a malignant human melanoma and association with growth stimulation. Bízik, J., Lizonová, A., Grófová, M., Matoŝka, J., Doré, J.F., Bertrand, S., Blaŝko, M., Vaheri, A. Cancer Res. (1989) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities