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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Mast cells chemotax to laminin with enhancement after IgE-mediated activation.

The increase of mast cells at sites of tissue inflammation suggests the production of local factors chemotactic for mast cells. In this report, we demonstrate that the murine mast cell line PT18 and primary mouse bone marrow-derived mast cells chemotax to the basement membrane glycoprotein laminin, and that the synthetic laminin A chain-derived peptide, PA22-2, represents a region of laminin that contains a major chemoattractant site. Mast cell chemotaxis to laminin is enhanced after activation of mast cells by the calcium ionophore, A23187, or PMA and by sensitization of the cells with IgE followed by exposure to antigen. Chemotaxis is not increased in the presence of IL-3 and is independent of mast cell degranulation, as histamine release did not occur when cells were activated with PMA. Mast cell chemotaxis to laminin and its enhancement by IgE-dependent mast cell activation provides a mechanism by which these cells may be attracted to sites of tissue injury. Such activity may be particularly relevant in the response of host tissues to inflammation accompanying parasitic infestations, allergic reactions, and wound healing.[1]


  1. Mast cells chemotax to laminin with enhancement after IgE-mediated activation. Thompson, H.L., Burbelo, P.D., Yamada, Y., Kleinman, H.K., Metcalfe, D.D. J. Immunol. (1989) [Pubmed]
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