The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Isolation of a yeast heptaglucoside that inhibits monocyte phagocytosis of zymosan particles.

To isolate a unit ligand recognized by human monocyte beta-glucan receptors, acid-solubilized oligoglucosides were prepared by partial acid hydrolysis of purified yeast cell walls, gel filtered sequentially on Bio-Gel P-4 and P-2, derivatized with 2-aminopyridine, and separated by normal-phase HPLC. Ligand recognition was assessed by quantitating the effect of pretreatment with isolated materials on the capacities of adherent monocytes to phagocytose zymosan particles. Partial acid hydrolysis solubilized 23 +/- 4% (mean +/- SD; n = 7) of the cell wall glucans; at an input of 50 micrograms/ml, the solubilized products reduced the numbers of monocytes ingesting zymosan by an average of 44%. Gel filtration of acid-solubilized glucans on Bio-Gel P-4 revealed several peaks with phagocytosis-inhibiting activity, and fractions from the peak containing the smallest oligoglucosides, which accounted for 10 +/- 2% (mean +/- SD; n = 7) of the carbohydrate applied, were pooled. Further purification on Bio-Gel P-2 resolved this phagocytosis-inhibiting activity to a single peak that contained apparent heptaoses and accounted for 8 +/- 2% (mean +/- SD; n = 6) of the carbohydrate applied. At a concentration of 0.5 microgram/ml, the oligoglucosides pooled from the Bio-Gel P-4 and P-2 columns reduced the numbers of ingesting monocytes by 45 +/- 1% and 42 +/- 7% (mean +/- SD; n = 3), respectively. When derivatized with 2-aminopyridine, the oligoglucosides were resolved by HPLC to a number of peaks; a peak that eluted as an apparent heptaglucoside contained virtually all the inhibitory activity and accounted for only 6.6 +/- 0.7% (mean +/- SD, n = 7) of the carbohydrate applied. Gas chromatography analysis revealed only glucose and FAB-mass spectrometric analysis showed only heptaglucoside and no noncarbohydrate molecules. At a concentration of 1.6 ng/ml, the derivatized yeast heptaglucoside reduced the numbers of monocytes ingesting zymosan and glucan particles by 44 +/- 9% (mean +/- SD; n = 5) and 45 +/- 6% (n = 3), respectively. Thus, a heptaglucoside present in yeast cell walls is a unit ligand for human monocyte beta-glucan receptors.[1]


WikiGenes - Universities