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Limited proteolysis of T-kininogen (thiostatin). Release of comparable fragments by different endopeptidases.

Limited proteolysis of T-kininogen by heterologous and homologous endopeptidases (bovine trypsin, human leukocyte elastase, rat submaxillary gland endopeptidase k, and rat mast cell chymase) produced similar fragmentation. Amino-terminal sequence analysis of whole T-kininogen lysates and purified proteolytic fragments identified four susceptible regions which contained all the preferential cleavage sites for these proteinases. Two of these susceptible regions were close to the junction between heavy chain cystatin-like domains, the third was in the kinin-containing region, and the fourth was close to the carboxyl terminus of the T-kininogen light chain. There was only one primary site for each proteinase in the kinin-containing region, which explains why catalytic amounts of these proteinases did not release immunoreactive kinin from this kininogen. However, preferential cleavage of T-kininogen close to the junction between cystatin-like domains released fragments which, provided they included cystatin-like domains 2 and/or 3, strongly inhibited papain and cathepsin L. The fragments were inhibitory even when parts of the amino-terminal ends of the domains were lacking. The highly conserved glycyl residue, thought to be involved in the inhibitory reactive site of cystatin-like inhibitors, was not required in purified domain 3 for inhibition of cathepsin L.[1]


  1. Limited proteolysis of T-kininogen (thiostatin). Release of comparable fragments by different endopeptidases. Moreau, T., Gutman, N., Faucher, D., Gauthier, F. J. Biol. Chem. (1989) [Pubmed]
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