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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

The epidermal cell kinetic response to ultraviolet B irradiation combines regenerative proliferation and carcinogen associated cell cycle delay.

The cell cycle traverse of epidermal basal cells 24 h after in vivo exposure of ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation was studied by immunochemical staining of incorporated bromodeoxyuridine (BrdU) and bivariate BrdU/DNA flow cytometric analysis. The results were compared with the cell kinetic patterns following topical application of the skin carcinogen methylnitrosourea (MNU) as well as the skin irritant cantharidin. Hairless mice were injected intraperitoneally with BrdU 24 h after treatment of their back skin with either a minimal erythema dose of UVB, or a single application of MNU or cantharidin dissolved in acetone. The cell cycle traverse of the BrdU-labelled cohorts of epidermal basal cells were then followed for the subsequent 12 h. At 6 h after BrdU-injection, when all labelled cells in the control group as well as in the cantharidin group had left the S phase, the bivariate distributions of the UVB-exposed and the MNU group showed that BrdU-positive cells were still present in S phase. Hence, UVB irradiation, similar to the carcinogen MNU, prolonged the S phase duration in some of the basal cells. At 12 h after pulse labelling, however, BrdU-positive cells from UVB-exposed mice were re-entering S phase from G1 phase, indicating that UVB irradiation induced a shortening of the cell cycle time as well, similar to the response observed after cantharidin. The present data can not tell whether these cells also were delayed in S phase. Thus, the cell cycle traverse in hairless mouse epidermis 24 h after in vivo exposure to UVB seemed to be a combination of the cell kinetic effects following chemical skin carcinogens and skin irritants. UVB irradiation induced both a delay in transit time through S phase, probably due to DNA damage and subsequent repair, as well as a reduction in the total cell cycle time consistent with rapid regenerative proliferation.[1]


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