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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Intracellular signals for developmental hemoglobin switching.

We have detected trans-acting factors that regulate developmental hemoglobin switching by fusing erythroid cells of different developmental programs. Adult erythroid cells of one anuran species, Xenopus laevis, were fused with tadpole erythroid cells of another frog, Rana catesbeiana. In a second set of experiments, dimethyl sulfoxide-induced murine erythroleukemia cells, which express only adult mouse globins, were fused with Rana tadpole erythroid cells, which express only embryonic and fetal-like globins. Adult Rana globin gene expression was detected in both sets of transient heterokaryons at 6 hr after fusion. Dot blots and Northern blots of total RNA from the heterokaryons contained material that reacted with an adult Rana alpha-globin probe; newly synthesized adult Rana hemoglobin tetramers were detected with native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. These results show that developmental stage-specific transacting factors for globin genes can function across vertebrate classes (mammalia to amphibia) and suggest that the mechanisms that regulate developmental hemoglobin switching are highly conserved.[1]


  1. Intracellular signals for developmental hemoglobin switching. Ramseyer, L.T., Barker-Harrel, J., Smith, D.J., McBride, K.A., Jarman, R.N., Broyles, R.H. Dev. Biol. (1989) [Pubmed]
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