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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Essential disulfide and sulfhydryl groups for organic cation transport in renal brush-border membranes.

The disulfide reducing agent, dithiothreitol (DTT) and the sulfhydryl-modifying reagents p-chloromercuribenzenesulfonic acid and N-ethylmaleimide (NEM) were employed to assess the role of disulfide and sulfhydryl groups in organic cation transport. The transport of N1-[3H]methylnicotinamide (NMN), a prototypic organic cation, was examined employing brush-border membrane vesicles isolated from the outer cortex of canine kidneys. DTT inhibited NMN transport reversibly with an IC50 of 250 microM/mg of protein. 5 mM NMN protected against DTT inactivation. The specificity of substrate protection was demonstrated by showing that D-glucose had no effect on the DTT inactivation of NMN transport and conversely that NMN had no effect on the DTT inactivation of D-glucose transport. Disulfide bonds reduced by DTT could be reoxidized by washing with excess buffer or by addition of 0.02% H2O2 thereby restoring NMN transport. p-Chloromercuribenzenesulfonic acid reversibly inactivated NMN transport with an IC50 of 25 microM/mg of protein. 5mM NMN protected against inactivation. NEM irreversibly inactivated transport with an IC50 of 250 microM/mg of protein. The rate of NMN inactivation by NEM followed pseudo-first order reaction kinetics. A replot of the data gave a linear relationship between the apparent rate constants and the NEM concentration with a slope of 1. 3. The data are consistent with a simple bimolecular reaction mechanism and imply that one molecule of NEM inactivates 1 sulfhydryl group/active transport unit. The presence of 5 mM NMN affected the rate of NEM (2.5 mM) inactivation: the t1/2 values for inactivation in the presence and absence of substrate were 7.3 and 2.0 min, respectively. The results demonstrate an essential requirement for disulfide and sulfhydryl groups.[1]


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