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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Epidermal growth factor- mediated activation of an S6 kinase in Swiss mouse 3T3 cells.

Extracts from epidermal growth factor (EGF)- stimulated Swiss mouse 3T3 cells are up to 10 times more potent in phosphorylating ribosomal protein S6 than extracts from quiescent cells. Preparation of extracts in the absence of phosphatase inhibitors leads to a time-dependent loss of kinase activity. In order of potency, the most efficient phosphatase inhibitors in protecting the S6 kinase activity are phosphotyrosine followed by p-nitrophenyl phosphate, beta-glycerol phosphate, and phosphoserine. The kinetics of kinase activation following EGF treatment are rapid and transient. The maximum increase is observed between 15 and 30 min with only 20-30% of the activity remaining after 2 h. Phosphorylation of S6 in the intact cell follows a similar pattern of activation, reaching a maximum between 30 and 60 min and then slowly returning to basal levels by approximately 3 h. The activation of protein synthesis is also rapid; however, in contrast to the transient activation of the S6 kinase and S6 phosphorylation, it remains persistently high for at least 6 h following EGF treatment. Comparison of these events with EGF binding shows that about 50% of the cell surface binding sites are lost within 10 min of exposure to EGF, and about 25% remain after 2 h. Finally, sodium orthovanadate, which is known to mimic the mitogenic effect of EGF, also leads to activation of the S6 kinase, however, with distinct kinetics and by an apparent EGF receptor-independent pathway.[1]


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