The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Tumorigenicity and transcriptional modulation of c-myc and N-ras oncogenes in a human hepatoma cell line.

Tumorigenicity and oncogene expression were examined in HepG2 derived cells, a human hepatoma cell line. HepG2 cells and a single cell clonal HepG2 line, HLD2-6, were equally tumorigenic when injected s.c. into athymic nude mice. Cyclophosphamide pretreatment of both cell lines (500 micrograms cyclophosphamide/ml/two cell cycles) had no effect on tumor incidence or latency (P greater than 0.05). Tumors were nonencapsulated, highly invasive adenocarcinomas and were positive for gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase activity and bile production. Plasma from tumor-bearing mice was positive for human alpha-fetoprotein and negative for hepatitis B virus surface antigen as measured by radioimmunoassay. Two cell lines reestablished into tissue culture from HLD2-6 derived tumors had unaltered cell cycle times. Detailed in vitro translation analysis of RNA isolated from HLD2-6 derived cells and tumors were extremely similar to the translation products of RNA isolated from a normal human liver sample except for a Mr 53,000 polypeptide with an apparent charge shift. c-myc specific transcripts, when compared to a normal human liver sample, were increased in all HLD2-6 cell lines and tumors derived from HLD2-6 cells. This increase in c-myc expression could not be explained by gene amplification or hepatitis B virus integration. N-ras specific transcripts were not elevated in HLD2-6 cells grown in tissue culture but there was a selective increase of the 5.5-kilobase N-ras transcript in HLD2-6 derived tumors grown in nude mice. This increased 5.5-kilobase transcript did not remain elevated if the tumors were reestablished into tissue culture, suggesting some interaction with the host animal. c-Ha-ras expression could not be detected in any HLD2-6 derived tumor or cell line.[1]


  1. Tumorigenicity and transcriptional modulation of c-myc and N-ras oncogenes in a human hepatoma cell line. Huber, B.E., Dearfield, K.L., Williams, J.R., Heilman, C.A., Thorgeirsson, S.S. Cancer Res. (1985) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities