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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of interferon-gamma as the lymphokine that mediates leukotriene B4-induced immunoregulation.

Leukotriene B4 (LTB4) has been shown to modulate lymphocyte responses in both a positive and a negative way, depending on the particular cell subsets it interacts with. Recent evidence also indicates that LTB4 can directly affect the production of cytokines such as interleukin 1 ( IL 1) or interleukin 2 (IL 2) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma). In this report, we present evidence that human T cells pulsed with LTB4 modulate IL 1 production by human monocytes by secreting IFN-gamma. In fact, we found that LTB4-pulsed T cells were capable of inducing a suppression of lymphocyte proliferation if allowed to interact with monocytes, but that this suppression was reversed to an enhancing effect when monocytes were treated with the cyclooxygenase inhibitor indomethacin. Furthermore, LTB4-pulsed T cells released a soluble factor that would mediate both effects. This factor was found to be IFN-gamma, because affinity-purified IFN-gamma could reproduce the effects, and a rabbit polyclonal anti-serum to human IFN-gamma could block the activities of supernatants from LTB4-pulsed T cells. LTB4 was also shown to enhance IFN-gamma production by T4+ T cells and to inhibit IFN-gamma production by T8+ T cells. These results suggest that LTB4 may regulate immune cell functions by inducing IFN-gamma production by T4+ cells.[1]


  1. Identification of interferon-gamma as the lymphokine that mediates leukotriene B4-induced immunoregulation. Rola-Pleszczynski, M., Bouvrette, L., Gingras, D., Girard, M. J. Immunol. (1987) [Pubmed]
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