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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Synthesis of deoxyribomononucleotides in Mollicutes: dependence on deoxyribose-1-phosphate and PPi.

Cell extracts of Acholeplasma laidlawii B-PG9, Acholeplasma morum S2, Mycoplasma capricolum 14, and Mycoplasma gallisepticum S6 were examined for 37 cytoplasmic enzyme activities involved in the salvage and biosynthesis of purines. All of these organisms had adenine phosphoribosyltransferase activity (EC and hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase activity (EC All of these organisms had purine-nucleoside phosphorylase activity (EC in the synthetic direction using ribose-1-phosphate (R-1-P) or deoxyribose-1-phosphate (dR-1-P); this activity generated ribonucleosides or deoxyribonucleosides, respectively. The pyrimidine nucleobase uracil could also be ribosylated by using either R-1-P or dR-1-P as a donor. The synthesis of deoxyribonucleosides from nucleobases and dR-1-P has been reported from only one other procaryote, Escherichia coli (L. A. Mason and J. O. Lampen, J. Biol. Chem. 193:539-547, 1951). The reverse of this phosphorylase reaction is more widely known, and we found such activity in all mollicutes studied. Some Acholeplasma species but not the Mycoplasma species can phosphorylate deoxyribonucleosides to deoxyribomononucleotides by a PPi-dependent deoxyribonucleoside kinase activity, which was first reported in this group for the ribose analogs (V. V. Tryon and J. D. Pollack, Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 35:497-501, 1985). This is the first report of PPi-dependent purine deoxyribonucleoside kinase activity. An ATP-dependent purine deoxyribonucleoside kinase activity is known only in salmon milt extracts (H. L. A. Tarr, Can. J. Biochem. 42:1535-1545, 1964). Deoxyribomononucleotidase activity was also found in cytoplasmic extracts of these mollicutes. This is the first report of deoxyribomononucleotidase activity.[1]


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