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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Parathyroid hormone degradation by chymotrypsin-like endopeptidase in the opossum kidney cell.

Cathepsin-D has been previously reported to cleave intact PTH into PTH-(1-34) and -(35-84) in membranous fractions of rat and bovine kidney. Whether PTH degradation occurs by intact kidney cells, however, has not been examined in detail. We have, therefore, examined this possibility using an opossum kidney (OK) cell line which possesses the characteristics of proximal renal tubules and responds to PTH. PTH radioimmunoreactivity recovered in trichloroacetic acid-soluble products and in fractions eluted from reverse phase HPLC was measured using an antibody directed to the midregion and C-terminus of PTH. In this study, intact OK cells, but not extracellular enzymes, cleaved human (h) PTH-(1-84) into three discrete fragments which were released into the medium in a time- and temperature-dependent fashion. Half-maximal velocity of PTH-degrading activity (PTHDA) was observed at 9 nM hPTH-(1-84). A 1000-fold molar excess of PTH antagonists [hPTH-(3-34) and [Tyr34]hPTH-(7-34)amide] markedly inhibited PTHDA, whereas ACTH, glucagon, or big gastrin did not suppress it, suggesting an involvement of the PTH receptor in PTHDA. This PTHDA was strongly inhibited by phenylmethylsulfonylfluoride and chymostatin, but not by trypsin inhibitor, elastatinal, or inhibitors of aspartic, cysteine, or metalloproteinases, suggesting that it is due to a seryl chymotrypsin-like endopeptidase. Analysis of chymotrypsin-digested products of hPTH-(1-84) eluted from HPLC exhibited five fragments detected by UV absorbance (210 nm), three of which were measurable by PTH RIA, and each corresponded to the three PTH fragments produced by OK cells. All three fragments were predominantly suppressed in the presence of chymostatin, suggesting that chymotrypsin-like activity is solely responsible for PTHDA in intact OK cells. To further explore the cleavage sites of PTH by chymotrypsin, amino acid analysis of chymotrypsin-cleaved products was performed. The results strongly support the conclusion that a chymotrypsin-like enzyme in OK cells cleaved the hormone between residues 23-24, and 34-35 to produce, at least, hPTH-(24-84) and -(35-84). Lysosomal blockers (chloroquine, ammonium chloride, or monensin) did not affect this PTHDA. Our present study indicates that chymotrypsin-like endopeptidase, but not other endopeptidase or lysosomal enzymes, is responsible for the limited hydrolysis of PTH by intact OK cells.[1]


  1. Parathyroid hormone degradation by chymotrypsin-like endopeptidase in the opossum kidney cell. Yamaguchi, T., Fukase, M., Nishikawa, M., Fujimi, T., Fujita, T. Endocrinology (1988) [Pubmed]
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