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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

15-Hydroxy-5,8,11,13-eicosatetraenoic acid inhibits human vascular cyclooxygenase. Potential role in diabetic vascular disease.

Human umbilical arteries converted arachidonic acid to three hydroxyeicosatetraenoic acids (HETEs) as well as prostaglandins. The mono-HETEs have been identified by reverse-phase high pressure liquid chromatography and gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy as 15-HETE and 11-HETE. 15-HETE in arterial segments appears to be derived mainly via the 15-lipoxygenase pathway, whereas 11-HETE, and the presumed di-HETE(s) were products of cyclooxygenase. Nordihydroguaiaretic acid, a lipoxygenase inhibitor, stimulated prostanoid production with a concomitant inhibition of 15-HETE formation. These results suggested that 15-HETE may function as an endogenous regulator of prostacyclin. In human umbilical arterial microsomes, 15-HETE was found to inhibit 6-keto-prostaglandin F1 alpha and total prostanoid production in a concentration-dependent manner (median inhibition constant [IC50] of 52 +/- 3 and 63 +/- 4 microM respectively). The relative distribution of prostaglandins, however, remained unaffected, indicating that the site of action was cyclooxygenase. Kinetic analysis revealed that 15-HETE was a competitive inhibitor of the enzyme. Although no changes in maximum velocity occurred, the apparent Km was significantly different (9.3 +/- 6.9 microM [1 SD] for control vs. 37.6 +/- 17.7 microM for the 15-HETE-treated enzyme). Furthermore, the inhibitory effect of 15-HETE on prostacyclin production was confirmed using cultured bovine endothelial cells. In this cell system, not only did 15-HETE inhibit endogenous prostacyclin production, but also the conversion of exogenous [1-14C]arachidonic acid to prostacyclin (IC50 of 40 +/- 17 microM). No effect on arachidonic acid release was noted. To investigate whether our in vitro finding that 15-HETE inhibited prostacyclin production could be relevant to the in vivo situation, our final studies were performed on vasculature obtained from the diabetic milieu. We found that the production of 15-HETE was significantly increased in vasculature obtained from the infant of the diabetic mother (1.14 +/- 0.26 pmol/mg) when compared to control neonates (0.77 +/- 0.22; P less than 0.01). A concomitant decrease in prostacyclin production was seen (51.6 +/- 12.6 pmol/mg in infants of diabetic mothers vs. 71 +/- 22.3 in controls). Moreover, an inverse correlation between these two eicosanoids was also noted. Our results suggest a potential in vivo regulatory role for 15-HETE on prostacyclin production.[1]


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