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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Biochemical and immunological characterization of the STA2-encoded extracellular glucoamylase from saccharomyces diastaticus.

In Saccharomyces diastaticus each one of three unlinked genes (STA1, STA2, STA3) encodes a glucoamylase (alpha-1,4 glucanglucohydrolase, EC that allows yeast to grow on starch. The enzyme encoded by the STA2 gene (glucoamylase II) has been purified from culture medium to near homogeneity by ethanol precipitation, Trisacryl M DEAE chromatography, and HPLC gel filtration. Glucoamylase II consists of two identical subunits whose average size is 300 kDa. Under denaturing conditions, the native dimeric enzyme readily dissociates to a monomer. Enzymatic deglycosylation of denatured enzyme gives rise to intermediate, partially glycosylated forms and to a 56-kDa completely deglycosylated protein. Glucoamylase releases glucose units by cleaving alpha-1,4 bonds from the nonreducing end of different oligosaccharides, but has only a barely detectable alpha-1,6 hydrolyzing activity. The pH optimum for the purified enzyme was found to be 5. 1. The enzyme has a greater affinity for maltohexaose (Km = 0.98 mM, V/Km = 2.39) than for maltotriose (Km = 2.38, V/Km = 0.68) or maltose (Km = 3.20, V/Km = 0.39). Both polyclonal and monoclonal antibodies have been raised against glucoamylase II. The polyclonal antibodies specifically inhibit yeast glucoamylase II activity in a dose-dependent manner, but are found to immunoblot other yeast glycoproteins as well. This oligosaccharide-specific reaction can be competed out by adding excess mannan without affecting glucoamylase reactivity. The cross-reactivity of the polyclonal antibodies with other amylolytic enzymes correlates well with evolutionary distance. Evidence is presented that monoclonal antibodies specific for either carbohydrate or protein epitopes have been obtained.[1]


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