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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Interferon-gamma and interleukin-1 alpha induce transient translocation of protein kinase C activity to membranes in a B lymphoid cell line. Evidence for a protein kinase C-independent pathway in lymphokine-induced cytoplasmic alkalinization.

We have previously shown that recombinant murine interferon-gamma, rIFN-gamma, and recombinant human interleukin-1 alpha, rIL-1 alpha, induce differentiation of murine pre-B-like cell line 70Z/3, a finding associated with stimulation of Na+/H+ exchange across the plasma membrane. The present study was designed to test whether the enhanced Na+/H+ exchange is mediated by Ca2+/phospholipid-dependent protein kinase C. The results show that two structurally different peptides, rIFN-gamma and rIL-1 alpha, induce identical patterns of transient translocation of protein kinase C from the cytosol to the membranes. The increase in membrane-associated protein kinase C activity was first detected 20 min after exposure to the lymphokines. This activity peaked at 30 min and was back to baseline by 2 h. At each time point, the increase in membrane-associated protein kinase C activity corresponded to a decrease in the activity of protein kinase C in the cytoplasmic fraction. The total cellular activity (cytosol + membrane) remained the same. Two series of experiments were carried out to test the role of protein kinase C in mediating the lymphokine-stimulated Na+/H+ exchange. In the first, the effects of rIFN-gamma and rIL-1 alpha on cytoplasmic pH were measured in the presence of a protein kinase C inhibitor 1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine, H-7. In the second, rIFN-gamma- and rIL-1 alpha-induced cytoplasmic alkalinization was determined in cells containing decreased protein kinase C activity. Under both experimental conditions, lymphokine-induced cytoplasmic alkalinization was not attenuated. These results indicate that, although both rIFN-gamma and rIL-1 alpha cause association of protein kinase C with membranes, activation of protein kinase C is not required for rIFN-gamma or rIL-1 alpha to stimulate Na+/H+ exchange across the plasma membrane.[1]


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