The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cell markers in gastrointestinal stromal tumors.

Stromal tumors of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract have generated considerable controversy about their direction and level of differentiation, particularly about whether the tumor cells are smooth muscle or Schwann cells. In an attempt to characterize these tumors, the immunohistochemical staining patterns of desmin, vimentin, actin, and S-100 protein were studied in 41 GI stromal tumors, using the avidin-biotin method, and compared with normal host smooth muscle and nerve and with esophageal and uterine leiomyomas. Twenty gastric and one rectal tumor stained diffusely with vimentin and actin, but not with desmin, and had scattered strongly S-100-positive cells that might either be trapped Schwann cells or tumor cells. Twenty small bowel tumors stained similarly to the gastric tumors with regard to vimentin, actin, and desmin, but most (17/20) had a unique, strongly positive geographic staining pattern with S-100. No differences in staining were noted between benign and malignant tumors in either gastric or small bowel sites, and most histologic patterns in tumors from similar locations stained similarly. These results suggest that GI stromal tumors are not truly "leiomyomas and leiomyosarcomas," but relatively undifferentiated tumors, with the expression of various antigens depending on their location in the gut.[1]


  1. Cell markers in gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Pike, A.M., Lloyd, R.V., Appelman, H.D. Hum. Pathol. (1988) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities