The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Xanthine oxidase is not responsible for reoxygenation injury in isolated-perfused rat heart.

The massive leakage of intracellular enzymes which occurs during reoxygenation of heart tissue after hypoxic or ischemic episodes has been suggested to result from the formation of oxygen radicals. One purported source of such radicals is the xanthine oxidase-mediated metabolism of hypoxanthine and xanthine. Xanthine oxidase (O form) has been suggested to be formed in vivo by limited proteolysis of xanthine dehydrogenase (D form) during the hypoxic period (Granger et al., Gastroenterology, 81, 22 (1981)). We measured the activities of xanthine oxidase in both fresh and isolated-perfused (Langendorff) rat heart tissue. Approximately 32% of the total xanthine oxidase was in the O form in fresh and isolated-perfused rat heart. This value was unchanged following 60 min of hypoxia and 30 minutes of reoxygenation. The infusion of 250 microM allopurinol throughout the perfusion completely inhibited xanthine oxidase activity but had no effect on the massive release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) into the coronary effluent upon reoxygenation of heart tissue subjected to 30 or 60 min of hypoxia. Protection from 30 min of hypoxia was also not obtained when rats were pretreated for 48 h with allopurinol at a dose of 30 mg/kg/day and perfused with allopurinol containing medium. Superoxide dismutase (50 units/ml), catalase (200 units/ml), or the antioxidant cyanidanol (100 microM) also had no effect on LDH release upon reoxygenation after 60 min of hypoxia. Xanthine oxidase activity was detected in a preparation enriched in cardiac endothelial cells while no allopurinol-inhibitable activity could be measured in purified isolated cardiomyocytes. It is concluded that xanthine dehydrogenase is not converted to xanthine oxidase in hypoxic tissue of the isolated perfused rat heart, and that the release of intracellular enzymes upon reoxygenation in this experimental model is mediated by factors other than reactive oxygen generated by xanthine oxidase.[1]


  1. Xanthine oxidase is not responsible for reoxygenation injury in isolated-perfused rat heart. Kehrer, J.P., Piper, H.M., Sies, H. Free Radic. Res. Commun. (1987) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities