The world's first wiki where authorship really matters (Nature Genetics, 2008). Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Search thousands of articles and collaborate with scientists around the globe.

wikigene or wiki gene protein drug chemical gene disease author authorship tracking collaborative publishing evolutionary knowledge reputation system wiki2.0 global collaboration genes proteins drugs chemicals diseases compound
Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Identification of glucokinase as an alloxan-sensitive glucose sensor of the pancreatic beta-cell.

Alloxan inactivated glucokinase in intact, isolated pancreatic islets incubated in vitro. Inactivation of glucokinase was antagonized by 30 mM glucose present during incubation of islets with alloxan. Glucokinase partially purified from transplantable insulinomas or rat liver was inactivated by alloxan with a half-maximal effect at 2-4 microM alloxan. Inactivation of purified glucokinase was antagonized by glucose, mannose, and 2-deoxyglucose in order of decreasing potency but not by 3-O-methylglucose. Glucose anomers at 6 and 14 mM were discriminated as protecting agents, with the alpha-anomer more effective than the beta-anomer. Glucokinase was not protected from alloxan inactivation by N-acetylglucosamine, indicating that the reactive site for alloxan is not the active site; therefore, glucose may protect glucokinase by inducing a conformational change. Glucokinase is thought to be the glucose sensor of the pancreatic beta-cell. The finding that glucokinase is inactivated by alloxan and protected by glucose with discrimination of its anomers similar to inhibition of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion by alloxan supports this hypothesis and appears to explain the mechanism for inhibition of hexose-stimulated insulin secretion by this agent and the unique role of glucose and mannose as protecting agents.[1]


  1. Identification of glucokinase as an alloxan-sensitive glucose sensor of the pancreatic beta-cell. Meglasson, M.D., Burch, P.T., Berner, D.K., Najafi, H., Matschinsky, F.M. Diabetes (1986) [Pubmed]
WikiGenes - Universities