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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Cellular localization of steroid hormone-regulated proteins during sexual development in Achlya.

In the fungus Achlya ambisexualis sexual development in the male strain E87 is controlled by the steroid hormone antheridiol. To investigate the effects of antheridiol on the synthesis and/or accumulation of specific cellular proteins we have analysed [35S]methionine-labeled proteins from control and hormone-treated cells using both one-dimensional (1D) and two-dimensional (2D) PAGE. Since in a total cell extract, hormone-induced changes in specific proteins might not be apparent against a background of more abundant proteins, cells were fractionated prior to protein isolation. It was also necessary to establish a concentration of hormone carrier, in this case methanol, which by itself did not alter the pattern of protein synthesis. Using these approaches the addition of the hormone antheridiol to vegetatively growing cells of Achlya E87 was found to result in changes in the synthesis and/or accumulation of at least 16 specific proteins, which could be localized to the cytoplasmic, nuclear or cell wall/cell membrane fractions. The most prominent changes observed in the hormone-treated cells included the appearance in the cytoplasmic fraction of labeled proteins at 28.4 and 24.3 kD which were not detectable in control cells, and a significant enrichment in the labeling of a 24.3 kD protein in the cell wall/cell membrane fraction. A marked increase in the labeling of 85, 63 and 47 kD proteins in the nuclear fraction from hormone-treated cells was also noted. The molecular weight (MW) and the behavior on 2D gels of the 85 kD hormone-induced protein appeared very similar to that of the 85 kD heat-shock protein reported in Achlya. Quantitive changes in the [35S]methionine labeling of several other proteins were noted in all three cell fractions.[1]


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