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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)
 
 
 
 
 

Changes of serum-induced ornithine decarboxylase activity and putrescine content during aging of IMR-90 human diploid fibroblasts.

The roles of ornithine decarboxylase ( ODC, EC 4.1.1.17) and polyamines in cellular aging were investigated by examining serum-induced changes of these parameters in quiescent IMR-90 human diploid fibroblasts as a function of their population doubling level (PDL) and in human progeria fibroblasts. Serum stimulation caused increases of ODC and DNA synthesis in IMR-90 human diploid fibroblasts, with maximal values occurring, respectively, 10 hr and 22 hr after serum stimulation. Both serum-induced ODC activity and DNA synthesis in IMR-90 cells were found to be inversely related to their PDL. Maximal ODC activity and DNA synthesis in young cells (PDL = approximately 18-22) were, respectively, five-fold and six-fold greater than that in old cells (PDL = approximately 50-55), which in turn were comparable or slightly higher than that in progeria fibroblasts. Polyamine contents (putrescine, spermidine, and spermine) in quiescent IMR-90 cells did not show significant PDL-dependency. The putrescine and spermine contents in quiescent progeria cells were comparable to those in quiescent IMR-90 cells. The spermidine content in quiescent progeria cells, however, was extremely low, less than half of that in quiescent IMR-90 cells. Serum stimulation caused a marked increase in putrescine content in young cells but not in old cells or in progeria cells. The spermidine and the spermine content in IMR-90 cells, either young or old, and in progeria cells did not change significantly after serum stimulation. Our study indicated that aging of IMR-90 human diploid fibroblasts was accompanied by specific changes of polyamine metabolism, namely, the serum-induced ODC activity and putrescine accumulation. These changes were also observed in progeria fibroblasts derived from patients with Hutchinson-Gilford syndrome.[1]

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