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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

Neuropeptide Y and peptide YY mediate nonadrenergic vasoconstriction and modulate sympathetic responses in rats.

The modulation of cardiovascular sympathetic responses by neuropeptide Y (NPY) and peptide YY (PYY) was assessed in vivo, in pithed rats. Both peptides (0.02-2 nmol/kg) caused similar dose-dependent pressor responses, resistant to adrenergic blockade but antagonized by the calcium channel blocker, nifedipine. Only NPY, at the lowest dose, slightly accelerated heart rate (by 10 +/- 4 beats/min). At the pressor dose (0.6 nmol/kg) but not subpressor dose (0.2 nmol/kg), the increase in blood pressure induced by stimulation of the sympathetic outflow (ST: 0.3 Hz, 50 V, 1 min) was attenuated by PYY (by 40%), whereas ST-evoked tachycardia was reduced by NPY (by 35%). Neither NPY- nor PYY-pretreatment affected ST-induced increments in plasma norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine concentrations. In addition, regional hemodynamic effects of NPY were studied in conscious rats instrumented with Doppler flow probes. The hypertension caused by NPY was attended by reflex bradycardia and marked rise in peripheral vascular resistance in renal (+ 233 +/- 59%), superior mesenteric (+ 183 +/- 65%) and hindquarter (+ 65 +/- 10%) circulation. The pattern of hemodynamic responses of NPY was similar to that of NE but, unlike the latter, persisted after adrenergic blockade.[1]


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