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Hoffmann, R. A wiki for the life sciences where authorship matters. Nature Genetics (2008)

In vivo methylation of prokaryotic elongation factor Tu.

In Salmonella typhimurium and Escherichia coli, elongation factor Tu (EF-Tu) is methylated as shown by its incorporation of labeled methyl residues from [methyl-3H]methionine. Analysis of the nature of the methyl-containing residues by protein hydrolysis, followed by paper chromatography and high voltage electrophoresis showed that both mono- and dimethyllysine are present. Eighty per cent of the EF-Tu molecules are methylated if methylation occurs at a unique lysine residue. The EF-Tu fraction which is not methylated is still able to accept methyl groups, as shown by methylation of approximately 10% of the EF-Tu after addition of chloramphenicol (D-(-)-threo-2,2-dichloro-N-[beta-hydroxy-alpha-(hydroxymethyl)-o-nitrophenethyl] acetamide) to inhibit further protein synthesis. There is no evidence of turnover of the methyl residues. We attempted to separate the methylated from the nonmethylated form of EF-Tu by isoelectric focusing on polyacrylamide gel, but were unable to do so.[1]


  1. In vivo methylation of prokaryotic elongation factor Tu. Ames, G.F., Niakido, K. J. Biol. Chem. (1979) [Pubmed]
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